The menopausal transition is a period of profound bodily and psychological changes. Although precise epidemiological data are scarce, the prevalence of panic disorder in perimenopausal women is estimated at around 10% . Estrogen replacement therapy may offer relief from the physical symptoms of menopause
Abstract: Objective: The prevalence of depression in multiple sclerosis (MS) is known to be elevated, but nearly all available studies have estimated period prevalence. The objective of this study was to estimate the point prevalence of depression in a representative community sample using the Patient Health Questionnaire, Brief (PHQ-9).Methods: The data source for this study was the Survey of Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada, which was derived from a representative sample of household residents.Results: The sample included 630 respondents with MS. With application of the standard PHQ-9 cut-point (10+) the prevalence of depression was 26.0% (95% CI 18.9 – 33.0%).
Importance Our understanding of how mental and physical disorders are associated and contribute to health outcomes in populations depends on accurate ascertainment of the history of these disorders. Recent studies have identified substantial discrepancies in the prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents and young adults depending on whether the estimates are based on retrospective reports or multiple assessments over time. It is unknown whether such discrepancies are also seen in midlife to late life.
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the current prevalence of major depression and anxiety disorders in patients with euthyroid Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and euthyroid goiter.Method: The study sample was formed by consecutive 51 and 45 patients who were admitted to the endocrinology outpatient clinic and diagnosed with euthyroid HT and endemic/nonendemic goiter, respectively, and 68 healthy controls. Current diagnoses of psychiatric disorders were determined using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory were applied to the participants.Results: There was a statistically significant difference among the three groups in terms of major depression (P=.001), any mood or anxiety disorder (P=.000), any depressive disorder (P=.020), any anxiety disorder (P=.016) and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) (P=.013)
Abstract: Objective: This study investigates the prevalence of lithium use, monitoring practice and associated effects on renal function in a large UK community sample.Method: A large population-based renal function database was cross-referenced with a general practitioner database of 404, 673 patients. The renal function of patients prescribed lithium during the 2-year period was compared with that of matched controls. The renal monitoring patterns of these cases were investigated in a naturalistic observational study
Abstract: Objective: To obtain an estimate of the prevalence of bipolar disorder in primary care.Methods: We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method to conduct a systematic review in January 2013. We searched seven databases with a comprehensive list of search terms. Included articles had a sample size of 200 patients or more and assessed bipolar disorder using a structured clinical interview or bipolar screening questionnaire in random adult primary care patients
Abstract: Objective: In Europe and the US, primary care has been anticipated in identifying untreated depression. Findings show a high prevalence of depression in such settings. However, the prevalence of depression in an internal medicine clinic in a rural area of Japan, which has a role in primary care, is unclear.Method: The prevalence of depression and comorbid psychiatric disorders among outpatients of an internal medicine clinic in a rural general hospital was measured by a structured interview using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.
In the above article, the prevalence rate of 7.7% represented criteria A past-year anxiety disorder symptoms and the true weighted prevalence rate for any past-year anxiety disorder was actually 3.4% (95% confidence interval, 2.91–3.85). Taking into account this change, any anxiety disorder was no longer significantly associated with cataracts in Table 2, and 3 or more physical health conditions (instead of 2) were significantly associated with any past-year anxiety disorder in Table 3. All other significant relationships and trends remained the same.
A new study looks at the prevalence, predictors, and treatment of suicidal ideation in teenagers. Medscape Psychiatry
Abstract: Objective: The objective was to assess factors associated with previous exposure to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among Brazilian adults in mental health centers.Method: A cross-sectional national multicenter study of 2087 psychiatric patients randomly selected from 26 public mental health services was conducted between 2005 and 2007 in Brazil. An interview was conducted for obtaining sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral data.