Abstract: Objective: To test the feasibility and efficacy of a psychosocial intervention to address high-risk substance use in patients scheduled for elective surgery.Method: A group-format intervention, based in motivational interviewing principles, was provided prior to elective surgery to 107 participants with at-risk substance use, identified using the AUDIT-C and self-report of illicit drug use. Patient satisfaction was assessed with an anonymous survey. Within-subject comparisons of substance use at baseline and at a postoperative follow-up evaluation were conducted
People with serious mental illness (SMI) experience higher rates of chronic care conditions (CCCs) (e.g., cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension,) and experience many years of lost life compared to the general population . We define SMI as meeting criteria for one DSM-IV/SCID diagnosis (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder), other than a substance use disorder, and having serious functional limitations . Poor management of CCCs is a major source of disability, and can lead to unnecessary health care expenditures including emergency room use , and increased mortality
Abstract: Objective: This study sought to examine the prevalence of skin picking disorder (SPD) in a university sample and assess associated physical and mental health correlates.Methods: A 54-item anonymous, voluntary survey was distributed via random email generation to a sample of 6000 university students. Current psychological and physical status was assessed, along with academic performance. Positive screens for SPD were determined based upon individuals meeting full proposed DSM-V criteria.Results: A total of 1916 participants (31.9%; mean age 22.7±5.1; 58.1% female) responded and were included in the analysis.
Abstract: Objective: The objective was to assess factors associated with previous exposure to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among Brazilian adults in mental health centers.Method: A cross-sectional national multicenter study of 2087 psychiatric patients randomly selected from 26 public mental health services was conducted between 2005 and 2007 in Brazil. An interview was conducted for obtaining sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral data.