Abstract: Objective: Although the Internet is used effectively in many areas of life, some users experience problems because of over-use due to a lack of control. The diagnostic criteria for Internet addiction include disruptions in family relationships, but adequate data on the attachment styles and family functioning associated with this condition are limited. This study aimed to investigate the attachment styles and family functioning of patients with Internet addiction.Method: The sample included 30 male patients consecutively admitted to the Bak?rköy Mental Health and Research Hospital Internet Addiction Outpatient Clinic, who were diagnosed in clinical interviews as having Internet addiction according to Young’s (1998) criteria.
Importance There has been recent interest in the findings that the offspring of older fathers have an increased risk of both de novo mutations and neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the offspring of younger parents are also at risk for some adverse mental health outcomes.
Importance The DSM-5 contains revised diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from the DSM-IV-TR . Potential impacts of the new criteria on ASD prevalence are unclear. Objective To assess potential effects of the DSM-5 ASD criteria on ASD prevalence estimation by retrospectively applying the new criteria to population-based surveillance data collected for previous ASD prevalence estimation.
Birgenheir et al found that a chart diagnosis of a chronic pain condition occurred approximately two times as often in veterans with a documented diagnosis of bipolar disorder compared to those without bipolar disorder. These findings are important for addressing the overall health of patients with bipolar disorder . The authors noted that the veteran population was a limitation of their study
Abstract: Objectives: Serious adverse effects such as acute psychoses have been reported following treatment with chloroquine. Chloroquine can cause cell death, including neurons.
Abstract: Background: The objective of this study is to investigate the association between childhood trauma and lipid profiles in adults from a highly traumatized population at-risk for cardiovascular disease.Method: We recruited 452 participants, primarily African-American and of low socioeconomic status, from general medical clinics in a large urban hospital. We performed direct comparisons, univariate analysis of variance and regression analyses together and separated by sex, examining the associations of child abuse, body mass index, lipid lowering drug use, blood pressure, age, and substance use to HDL levels and HDL/LDL ratios.Results: A history of moderate to severe levels of childhood trauma and abuse was associated with a significant decrease in HDL levels (P?.01) and HDL/LDL ratios (P?.001) relative to males with low levels of abuse.
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the prevalence of hospital-treated suicide attempts in a large clinical population of eating disorder patients.Method: Follow-up study of adults (N=2462, 95% women, age 18–62years) admitted to the Eating Disorder Clinic of Helsinki University Central Hospital in the period 1995–2010. For each patient four controls were selected and matched for age, sex and place of residence. The end-point events were modeled using Cox’s proportional hazard model, taking matching into account.Results: We identified 156 patients with eating disorder (6.3%) and 139 controls (1.4%) who had required hospital treatment for attempted suicide.
Abstract: Objective: The prevalence of depression in multiple sclerosis (MS) is known to be elevated, but nearly all available studies have estimated period prevalence. The objective of this study was to estimate the point prevalence of depression in a representative community sample using the Patient Health Questionnaire, Brief (PHQ-9).Methods: The data source for this study was the Survey of Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada, which was derived from a representative sample of household residents.Results: The sample included 630 respondents with MS. With application of the standard PHQ-9 cut-point (10+) the prevalence of depression was 26.0% (95% CI 18.9 – 33.0%).
It’s time again for the year’s ten best from NIMH. A year that included a 16-day government shutdown and a 5.2 percent sequester also saw some outstanding scientific breakthroughs and historic changes in policy.
One of the first lessons I received as a psychiatrist-in-training 35 years ago was the value of antipsychotic medications . These medicines have been available for the treatment of psychosis for over half a century, beginning with the prototype first generation drug chlorpromazine (Thorazine) and now extending to some 20 different compounds, including several second-generation medications, often called “atypical antipsychotics.” Symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and paranoia are reduced reliably by these drugs. Although these symptoms can be frightening and dangerous for patients, family members, and providers, antipsychotics safely and effectively help people through the crisis of acute psychosis.