Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the current prevalence of major depression and anxiety disorders in patients with euthyroid Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and euthyroid goiter.Method: The study sample was formed by consecutive 51 and 45 patients who were admitted to the endocrinology outpatient clinic and diagnosed with euthyroid HT and endemic/nonendemic goiter, respectively, and 68 healthy controls. Current diagnoses of psychiatric disorders were determined using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory were applied to the participants.Results: There was a statistically significant difference among the three groups in terms of major depression (P=.001), any mood or anxiety disorder (P=.000), any depressive disorder (P=.020), any anxiety disorder (P=.016) and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) (P=.013)
Abstract: Objective: This study investigates the prevalence of lithium use, monitoring practice and associated effects on renal function in a large UK community sample.Method: A large population-based renal function database was cross-referenced with a general practitioner database of 404, 673 patients. The renal function of patients prescribed lithium during the 2-year period was compared with that of matched controls. The renal monitoring patterns of these cases were investigated in a naturalistic observational study
Abstract: Objective: To obtain an estimate of the prevalence of bipolar disorder in primary care.Methods: We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method to conduct a systematic review in January 2013. We searched seven databases with a comprehensive list of search terms. Included articles had a sample size of 200 patients or more and assessed bipolar disorder using a structured clinical interview or bipolar screening questionnaire in random adult primary care patients
Abstract: Objective: We aimed to determine Axis I psychiatric disorders in women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) and to follow up the course of psychiatric disorder and its association with nausea and vomiting (NV) during pregnancy.Methods: The study sample was composed of 47 patients with HG. Psychiatric interviews were conducted using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (SCID-I).
Abstract: Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders among inpatients and the relationship between sociodemographic factors, medical illnesses and treatments.Methods: In the present study, we selected 650 inpatients from all clinics except psychiatry and pediatrics in a general hospital by a simple random sampling method. Based on the exclusion criteria, 57 patients were excluded.
Abstract: Objective: Surveys assessing alcohol use among physicians have most commonly employed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) or the AUDIT-C, the most common short version of the AUDIT. As with other screeners, prevalence estimation is dependent on the accuracy of the test as well as choice of the cutoff value. The aim of the current study is to derive more precise prevalence estimates of alcohol problems in physicians by correcting for false-positive and false-negative results.Method: In the context of a survey, the AUDIT was sent out via email or standard postal service to all 2484 physicians in Salzburg, Austria.
Abstract: Objective: This prospective study aimed to estimate the prevalence and course of depression during chemotherapy in women with Stage I–III breast cancer, identify potential risk factors for depression and determine which treatments for depression were being used and which were most preferred.Method: Thirty-two women were followed over consecutive chemotherapy infusions, with 289 assessments conducted altogether (mean, 9.0 assessments/subject). Current depression, anxiety, physical symptoms and mental health service use were recorded during each assessment.
Abstract: Objective: There is paucity of information on epilepsy and suicide in Nigeria. The objective of this study therefore was to assess the prevalence and determinants of suicide risk among adults with epilepsy (AWE) in Kaduna, Nigeria.Method: We administered the suicidality module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, the three-item Oslo Social Support Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale to 170 consecutive AWE attending the outpatient clinic of Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Kaduna, between January and June 2011 to determine the prevalence of suicide risk, the level of social support and the psychological symptoms, respectively. We also recorded the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the subjects.Results: There are 99 males and 71 females.
Abstract: Objective: In Europe and the US, primary care has been anticipated in identifying untreated depression. Findings show a high prevalence of depression in such settings. However, the prevalence of depression in an internal medicine clinic in a rural area of Japan, which has a role in primary care, is unclear.Method: The prevalence of depression and comorbid psychiatric disorders among outpatients of an internal medicine clinic in a rural general hospital was measured by a structured interview using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.
Abstract: Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of alexithymia in a sample of general chronic pain patients, to explore possible differences in depression and pain variables between alexithymic and nonalexithymic chronic pain patients and to analyze if depression is a mediator between alexithymia and pain disability.Methods: Two hundred and seventy-one patients making their first visit to a pain clinic completed the study questionnaire including various pain measures, the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). The sample was dichotomized to alexithymic and nonalexithymic groups. The means of the study variables were compared between the groups