Importance Controlled family studies have consistently found that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) aggregates in families but have typically relied on samples recruited from specialist clinics. Furthermore, previous studies could not disentangle genetic from environmental factors contributing to the observed familiality.
Abstract: Objective: The risk of depression in women is greatest at childbearing age. We sought to examine and explain national trends in antidepressant use in pregnant women.Methods: This was a cohort study including pregnant women aged 12–55 who were enrolled in Medicaid during 2000–2007. We examined the proportion of women taking antidepressants during pregnancy by patient characteristics (descriptive), by region (mixed-effects model) and over time (interrupted time series).Results: We identified 1, 106, 757 pregnancies in 47 states; mean age was 23 years, and 60% were nonwhite
Abstract: Aim: To determine the frequency and clinical correlations of catatonia in older patients referred to a liaison psychiatry service in a general hospital.Patients and Methods: All patients over 65 years referred to liaison psychiatry were screened for catatonic phenomena with the Bush–Francis Catatonia Screening Instrument (BFCSI) between January and May 2012. Their clinical characteristics and the outcome of treatment were recorded.Results: One hundred and twelve patients over 65 years were referred. Ten (8.9%) met research diagnostic criteria for catatonia and 7 (6.3%) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition criteria for catatonia
Abstract: Objective: The objective was to assess factors associated with previous exposure to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among Brazilian adults in mental health centers.Method: A cross-sectional national multicenter study of 2087 psychiatric patients randomly selected from 26 public mental health services was conducted between 2005 and 2007 in Brazil. An interview was conducted for obtaining sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral data.
Abstract: Objectives: To estimate risk of comorbid depression on all-cause mortality over time among individuals with diabetes.Methods: The Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, Embase and Science Direct databases were searched through September 30, 2012. We limited our search to longitudinal or prospective studies reporting all-cause mortality among those having depression and diabetes, compared with those having diabetes alone that used hazard ratios (HRs) as the main outcome. Two reviewers independently extracted primary data and evaluated the quality of studies using predetermined criteria.
Importance Untreated depression during pregnancy has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both mother and child and, as such, optimal treatment strategies are required for this population. Context There are conflicting data regarding potential risks of prenatal antidepressant treatment. Objective To determine whether prenatal antidepressant exposure is associated with risk for selected adverse pregnancy or delivery outcomes.