Importance No highly effective interventions to prevent delirium have been identified. Objective To examine whether ramelteon, a melatonin agonist, is effective for the prevention of delirium. Design, Setting, and Participants A multicenter, rater-blinded, randomized placebo-controlled trial was performed in intensive care units and regular acute wards of 4 university hospitals and 1 general hospital
Abstract: Objective: To describe eating disorders inpatients with severe medical complications and elucidate the problems in managing them on a psychiatric ward.Method: Of the 111 eating disorders patients hospitalized on our psychiatric ward from January 2005 to December 2012, 9 had eating disorders with severe medical complications. Through chart review and computerized data collection, we retrospectively evaluated patient clinical data.Result: All 9 patients were women, with a mean age of 22.4±5.7 years, mean body weight of 26.2±3.0 kg, and mean body mass index of 10.5±1.5 on admission. Severe medical complications commonly seen were severe hypoglycemia, refeeding syndrome, coagulation abnormality, and severe liver dysfunction.
Abstract: Objective: To obtain an estimate of the prevalence of bipolar disorder in primary care.Methods: We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method to conduct a systematic review in January 2013. We searched seven databases with a comprehensive list of search terms. Included articles had a sample size of 200 patients or more and assessed bipolar disorder using a structured clinical interview or bipolar screening questionnaire in random adult primary care patients
Abstract: Objective: Psychiatric morbidity is quite common in vasovagal syncope (VVS), but findings are sometimes contradictory. Among patients with suspected VVS, up to 40% has a negative response to Head-Up Tilt test (HUT), the cause of syncope remaining unexplained (US).
Abstract: Objective: Cognitive impairment, depression, sleep disorders and impaired quality of life are very common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, whether there are any seasonal changes of cognitive impairment, depression, sleep disorders and quality of life in HD patients is not known.Methods: The laboratory parameters, depressive symptoms, health-related quality of life, sleep quality (SQ) and cognitive function, were measured twice.Results: A total of 66 HD patients were enrolled. Pre-dialysis systolic blood pressure (BP) and pre-dialysis diastolic BP were higher, whereas predialysis creatinine and sodium were lower in January compared to July.