In the above article, in Section “3.2. Clinical Outcomes,” the sentence: “Within-group effect sizes for these measures ranged between 0.08 (HADS anxiety, active control group) and 0.63 (SOMS, ASTPP)” needs to be corrected as follows: “Within-group effect sizes for these measures ranged between 0.08 (HADS anxiety, active control group) and 0.52 (PID, ASTPP).”
Abstract: Objective: The objective was to examine whether prophylactic treatment with antipsychotics can decrease the incidence and severity of postsurgical delirium.Method: A meta-analysis of existing trials comparing delirium incidence between patients given prophylactic antipsychotic and placebo was performed. Secondary outcomes were total hospital days, total days of delirium and severity. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and mean differences were calculated using a random-effects model.Results: Five randomized placebo-controlled trials comprising a total of 1491 patients were included.
The number of older patients with psychiatric disorders is rapidly increasing nationwide, yet little is known about the outcomes of care for geriatric patients with psychiatric emergencies . This population is also increasing in diversity, and as a result, emergency room clinicians must expand their awareness of ethnicity and its effect on psychiatric emergencies among older patients. Few studies have examined the utilization patterns of psychiatric emergency service (PES) by older patients, but little is known about the impact of race and ethnicity on PES clinical outcomes.
Importance Research across more than 4 decades has produced numerous empirically tested evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for psychopathology in children and adolescents. The EBPs were developed to improve on usual clinical interventions. Advocates argue that the EBPs should replace usual care, but this assumes that EBPs produce better outcomes than usual care.