Importance Adults who remit from a substance use disorder (SUD) are often thought to be at increased risk for developing another SUD. A greater understanding of the prevalence and risk factors for drug substitution would inform clinical monitoring and management.

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Director’s Blog *Dr. Insel was one of several innovative leaders invited to present at the 2014 National Council for Behavioral Health Conference. Download his presentation: Quest for the Cure: Scientific Breakthroughs in Treating Mental Illness

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Director’s Blog Released today, the World Health Organization (WHO)'s report, ” Preventing Suicide: A global imperative ,” provides the first global view of how often suicide attempts and deaths occur, and how suicide-related behaviors affect all ages, nationalities, economic levels, and cultures. Every year around the world more than 800,000 people die by suicide. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15- to 20-year-olds.

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Importance In 2011, an estimated 26.8 million US adults used prescription medications for mental illness. Objective To estimate the numbers and rates of adverse drug event (ADE) emergency department (ED) visits involving psychiatric medications among US adults between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2011.

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Abstract: Objective: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder that is associated with disability. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between depression and hyperlipidemia, and whether the onset of depression is associated with administering statins to patients with hyperlipidemia.Material and Methods: The data analyzed in this study were retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan.

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In a previous post I described the growing contrast between the patient community for whom “time = lives” and the academic community for whom “success = papers and grant funding.” This apparent clash of cultures is important for NIMH. Each year, we spend roughly $1B of taxpayer funds to support research in academia.

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Abstract: Objectives: This study investigates the possibility of introducing depression and developmental screening tools into the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) in southeast Nigeria. The specific objectives were to determine the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) among mothers attending immunization clinics and to assess the association of maternal PPD and infant growth in relation to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations.Methods: Four hundred and eight (408) mothers completed the sociodemographic questionnaire and the self-report Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS).

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Abstract: Objective: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is significantly and positively associated with several physical conditions. We aimed to examine whether the nature and number of trauma(s) experienced may be related to physical conditions using a population-based sample.Methods: Data came from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N=34, 653; age 20 years and older).

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Abstract: Objective: The objective was to estimate the prevalence of both dementia and depression among community-dwelling older Americans and to determine if hospitalization is independently associated with dementia or depression in this population.Method: This cross-sectional study utilized data from a nationally representative, population-based sample of 7197 community-dwelling adults ?65 years old interviewed in 2011 as part of the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Information on hospitalizations was obtained from self- or proxy-report.

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Since September 11, 2001, more than 2.5 million service members have deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. In contrast to previous wars, these recent wars have been fought by an all-volunteer force that has experienced multiple deployments. Many of the service members are in reserve or National Guard units

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