Abstract: Objective: Pain and depression are prevalent and treatable symptoms among patients with cancer yet they are often undetected and undertreated. The Indiana Cancer Pain and Depression (INCPAD) trial demonstrated that telecare management can improve pain and depression outcomes.
Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of psychological distress in individuals with and without cardiovascular risks and events [cardiovascular disease (CVD) conditions] and the incremental effects of psychological distress on the out-of-pocket health care expenditure burdens.Methods: We used data from the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions 2007, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Japan. Psychological distress assessed by the K6 scale, the presence of treated CVD conditions and out-of-pocket health care expenditures as a share of household consumption expenditures were self-reported by 20,763 individuals living alone and aged between 20 and 59 years.Results: Individuals with obesity [adjusted odds ratio (AOR), 4.3], stroke (AOR, 3.2), ischemic heart disease (AOR, 2.3), hyperlipidemia (AOR, 1.8) or diabetes (AOR, 1.7) were more likely than those without to have serious psychological distress (SPD). With the exception of ischemic heart disease, less than half of CVD patients comorbid with SPD received treatment for mental illness