Abstract: Background: The psychopathological and clinical characteristics of adult patients with epilepsy attending our neurology clinic was evaluated to determine prevalence of psychopathology and its associated factors towards improving services and initiating collaborative care which is currently non-existent.Methods: The study was a 2 stage procedure conducted over one year using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) in the first stage and Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN) in the second stage. Diagnosis of psychiatric disorders was based on ICD-10 criteria.Results: Sixty-three patients were interviewed. Mean age was 34.43±13.7 years; more than half of the patients had less than one seizure episode per month

Read >

Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between alcohol use and psychological well-being among undergraduates of a Nigerian tertiary institution. The objectives included determining the prevalence and pattern of problematic alcohol use and ascertaining the association between alcohol use and some sociodemographic variables.Method: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) was used to evaluate for alcohol-related problems in 443 students of a university in southwestern Nigeria.

Read >

Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this research was to investigate whether a training intervention to enhance collaboration between mental health and primary care professionals improved the detection and management of mental health problems in primary health care in four large cities in Brazil. The training intervention was a multifaceted program over 96 h focused on development of a shared care model.Method: A quasiexperimental study design was undertaken with assessment of performance by nurse and general practitioners (GPs) pre- and postintervention. Rates of recognition of mental health disorders (compared with the General Health Questionnaire) were the primary outcome, while self-reports of patient-centered care, psychosocial interventions and referral were the secondary outcomes.Results: Six to 8 months postintervention, no changes were observed in terms of rate of recognition across the entire sample.

Read >