Gender Differences in Depression: Implications for Recognizing Male-Type Symptoms in the Clinic

Lisa A. Martin, PhD
Women’s & Gender Studies and Health Policy Studies, University of Michigan, Dearborn, Mich.

First published in Psychiatry Weekly, October 7, 2013, 8(21).


In most prevalence studies of major depressive disorder, roughly twice as many women than men are represented among adults with MDD. This finding is so well established as to appear nearly axiomatic, and, as a result, depression is heavily conceptualized as a female disease. Read >