Abstract: Specific phobia is an excessive and irrational fear often triggered by a stressor. Among different types of phobias arising in medical settings, we could not find any case reported for exclusively antiseptic fluids without any medical–surgical intervention. The term “anesthesia awareness” (AA) signifies the specific surgical period of time when an individual, in spite of being under intended general anesthesia, remains aware of the sensory stimuli and the memories of which also remain available for his subsequent explicit recall in the future.

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Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the contributions of different forms of intimate partner violence (physical violence, sexual violence, psychological abuse, and stalking) on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression.Methods: In all 268 women (18 years and older) consecutively receiving a protection order in the Vhembe district in South Africa were assessed by an external interviewer. Hierarchical regressions tested the unique effects of different types of intimate partner violence on PTSD and depression.Results: In terms of PTSD symptom severity, more than half (51.9%) of the sample reported severe PTSD and 66.4% reported severe depression symptoms.

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