Abstract: Objective: To test the feasibility and efficacy of a psychosocial intervention to address high-risk substance use in patients scheduled for elective surgery.Method: A group-format intervention, based in motivational interviewing principles, was provided prior to elective surgery to 107 participants with at-risk substance use, identified using the AUDIT-C and self-report of illicit drug use. Patient satisfaction was assessed with an anonymous survey. Within-subject comparisons of substance use at baseline and at a postoperative follow-up evaluation were conducted
Abstract: Objective: Surveys assessing alcohol use among physicians have most commonly employed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) or the AUDIT-C, the most common short version of the AUDIT. As with other screeners, prevalence estimation is dependent on the accuracy of the test as well as choice of the cutoff value. The aim of the current study is to derive more precise prevalence estimates of alcohol problems in physicians by correcting for false-positive and false-negative results.Method: In the context of a survey, the AUDIT was sent out via email or standard postal service to all 2484 physicians in Salzburg, Austria.
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between alcohol use and psychological well-being among undergraduates of a Nigerian tertiary institution. The objectives included determining the prevalence and pattern of problematic alcohol use and ascertaining the association between alcohol use and some sociodemographic variables.Method: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) was used to evaluate for alcohol-related problems in 443 students of a university in southwestern Nigeria.