Abstract: Objective: We describe risk factors associated with patients experiencing physical restraint or seclusion in the psychiatric emergency service (PES).Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records, nursing logs and quality assurance data for all adult patient encounters in a PES over a 12-month period (June 1, 2011–May 31, 2012). Descriptors included demographic characteristics, diagnoses, laboratory values, and clinician ratings of symptom severity. ?2 and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed.Results: Restraint/seclusion occurred in 14% of 5335 patient encounters

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