Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the self-esteem and quality of life in adolescents with extreme obesity before and one year after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as obesity is a major challenging medical problem, not only in adults but also in children and adolescents in Saudi Arabia.Methods: In a prospective cohort study, 32 adolescents (aged 13–17 years) with extreme obesity (Group 1) presenting for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) were compared with 32 matched, healthy, nonobese adolescents (aged 14–17 years) (Group 2) with regards to self-esteem and quality of life. Assessment was done using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 (self- and parent report), respectively. Body mass index (BMI) Z scores were calculated for both groups.Results: We found significantly poor self-esteem and impairment in all domains of quality of life (self- and parent report) in Group 1 compared with Group 2 (P
Abstract: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor agents such as filgrastim can be administered in order to reduce the duration of clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. Successful long-term combination treatment with filgrastim and clozapine in patients with previous clozapine-induced agranulocytosis has been described in several cases. We describe a patient with schizophrenia who developed agranulocytosis during treatment with clozapine and who did not respond to other antipsychotics
Abstract: Objective: Erectile dysfunction (ED), defined as the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance, is the most common sexual problem in men. ED arises when there is disruption of the complex interplay between vascular, neurologic, hormonal and psychologic factors necessary for normal erectile function. It may have a significant effect on quality of life and portend undetected cardiovascular disease.
Abstract: Objective: The study aimed to assess psychiatric morbidity in stable chronic respiratory disorders and to examine the pattern of psychiatric illness in specific respiratory disorders in Northern India.Methods: All consecutive patients with stable chronic respiratory illnesses who attended the respiratory disease clinic were recruited in the study. Their healthy attendants were interviewed as a control group.
Providing Medicare patients who have schizophrenia and bipolar disorder generic drug gap coverage saves money and improves health outcomes, new research shows. Medscape Medical News
The dietary supplement citicoline may improve memory scores and decrease cognitive deterioration in patients with mild vascular cognitive impairment. Medscape Medical News
Director’s Blog Every year the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC) updates its Strategic Plan for Autism Spectrum Disorder Research , identifying progress and new opportunities across the range of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research. Each year this task gets more difficult. In 2012, the speed of progress was so rapid that each draft of the Plan was out of date by the time the IACC reviewed it.
Director’s Blog As in past years, once again I venture to suggest a “top 10” list for NIMH based on the most notable discoveries and events of the past 12 months. This year several of the major breakthroughs were not funded by NIMH and not directly focused on mental disorders, but they suggested new vistas for biology that will almost certainly change the way we understand serious mental illness and neurodevelopmental disorders.