Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and clinical features of suicide attempts in adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).Methods: We enrolled 587 consecutive patients aged 18 or over who attempted suicide and were hospitalized for inpatient treatment. Psychiatric diagnoses, suicide attempt frequency and clinical features were compared between ASD and non-ASD patients.Results: Forty-three (7.3%) of the 587 subjects who attempted suicide had ASDs.
Abstract: Objective: To examine suicidal ideation in a sample of German primary care patients.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study and included 1455 primary care patients who visited 1 of 41 general practitioners (GPs) working at 19 different sites. Suicidal ideation and psychopathology were assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) in an anonymous screening together with health care utilization.Results: One hundred seventy-one (11.8%) of 1455 patients endorsed the suicidal ideation item of the PHQ.
For the first time, deep brain stimulation has been used to treat patients with severe refractory anorexia, with promising results. Medscape Medical News
Guidelines to prevent or treat gambling addiction should mirror those for alcohol addiction, according to a new report from the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Medscape Medical News
Director’s Blog One of the most influential trials in cardiology over the past 25 years was the GISSI 1 study, which demonstrated the beneficial effects of administering a medication called streptokinase after a heart attack. 2 GISSI involved more than 11, 000 patients in 176 coronary care units over 17 months. Its total cost was less than $500, 000.
Director’s Blog Julius Axelrod was one of NIMH’s greatest scientists and mentors for five decades until his death in 2004 at age 92. In addition to his many discoveries – which led to his 1970 Nobel Prize – Julie, as he was known, was famous for his aphorisms.
Importance A major obstacle to the identification of the neurobiological correlates of schizophrenia is the substantial clinical heterogeneity present in this disorder. Dividing schizophrenia into “deficit” and “nondeficit” subtypes may reduce heterogeneity and facilitate identification of neurobiological markers of disease. Objective To determine whether patients with deficit schizophrenia differ from patients with nondeficit schizophrenia and healthy controls in neuroimaging-based measures of white matter tracts and gray matter morphology
Importance Psychotic persons who are violent often explain their violence as being due to delusions. However, research has failed to confirm associations between delusions and violent behavior. Objectives To investigate which delusional beliefs and characteristics are associated with violent behavior during a first episode of psychosis and whether these associations are mediated by affect due to delusions