Abstract: Objective: The objective was to estimate the prevalence of both dementia and depression among community-dwelling older Americans and to determine if hospitalization is independently associated with dementia or depression in this population.Method: This cross-sectional study utilized data from a nationally representative, population-based sample of 7197 community-dwelling adults ?65 years old interviewed in 2011 as part of the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Information on hospitalizations was obtained from self- or proxy-report.

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