Abstract: Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is a new, severe and possibly life-threatening disorder as illustrated by a 25% mortality or severe disability rate. Its neuropsychiatric presentation closely resembles schizophrenia. In this paper, the relationship of anti-NMDAR encephalitis to schizophrenia and its consequences in Consultation–Liaison service for diagnostic workup in patients with first-episode psychosis are addressed.

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