Abstract: Objective: Erectile dysfunction (ED), defined as the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance, is the most common sexual problem in men. ED arises when there is disruption of the complex interplay between vascular, neurologic, hormonal and psychologic factors necessary for normal erectile function. It may have a significant effect on quality of life and portend undetected cardiovascular disease.
Abstract: Objective: The study aimed to assess psychiatric morbidity in stable chronic respiratory disorders and to examine the pattern of psychiatric illness in specific respiratory disorders in Northern India.Methods: All consecutive patients with stable chronic respiratory illnesses who attended the respiratory disease clinic were recruited in the study. Their healthy attendants were interviewed as a control group.
Director’s Blog Every year the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC) updates its Strategic Plan for Autism Spectrum Disorder Research , identifying progress and new opportunities across the range of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research. Each year this task gets more difficult. In 2012, the speed of progress was so rapid that each draft of the Plan was out of date by the time the IACC reviewed it.
Director’s Blog As in past years, once again I venture to suggest a “top 10” list for NIMH based on the most notable discoveries and events of the past 12 months. This year several of the major breakthroughs were not funded by NIMH and not directly focused on mental disorders, but they suggested new vistas for biology that will almost certainly change the way we understand serious mental illness and neurodevelopmental disorders.
Abstract: Objective: Psychiatric morbidity is quite common in vasovagal syncope (VVS), but findings are sometimes contradictory. Among patients with suspected VVS, up to 40% has a negative response to Head-Up Tilt test (HUT), the cause of syncope remaining unexplained (US).
Abstract: Object: We sought to explore factors associated with persistence of antidepressant treatment in Taiwan and to compare persistence rates across various antidepressants.Method: This was a retrospective cohort study using medical claims in Taiwan. We collected data of all new antidepressant users with depressive disorder, aged 18 years or older, during the study period from January 1, 1998, to July 4, 2009. Overall antidepressant treatment persistence was defined as undergoing treatment for 180 days without exceeding a 30-day gap
Abstract: Objective: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who are undergoing maintenance hemodialysis have a higher prevalence of depression than the general population. The underlying cause of this association is unknown, but may be related to accumulation of uremic toxins. Little is known about the association of accumulation of uremic toxins and depression in hemodialysis patients.Method: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 209 CKD patients from a single institution to evaluate the associations of a soluble small uremic toxin (urea), a soluble large uremic toxin (?2 microglobulin) and two protein-bound uremic toxins [total p-cresol sulfate (PCS) and indoxyl sulfate (IS)] with the presence of depression.Results: A total of 47 patients (22.4%) had depression.
Abstract: Objective: Cognitive impairment, depression, sleep disorders and impaired quality of life are very common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, whether there are any seasonal changes of cognitive impairment, depression, sleep disorders and quality of life in HD patients is not known.Methods: The laboratory parameters, depressive symptoms, health-related quality of life, sleep quality (SQ) and cognitive function, were measured twice.Results: A total of 66 HD patients were enrolled. Pre-dialysis systolic blood pressure (BP) and pre-dialysis diastolic BP were higher, whereas predialysis creatinine and sodium were lower in January compared to July.