Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and clinical features of suicide attempts in adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).Methods: We enrolled 587 consecutive patients aged 18 or over who attempted suicide and were hospitalized for inpatient treatment. Psychiatric diagnoses, suicide attempt frequency and clinical features were compared between ASD and non-ASD patients.Results: Forty-three (7.3%) of the 587 subjects who attempted suicide had ASDs.
Abstract: Objective: To examine suicidal ideation in a sample of German primary care patients.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study and included 1455 primary care patients who visited 1 of 41 general practitioners (GPs) working at 19 different sites. Suicidal ideation and psychopathology were assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) in an anonymous screening together with health care utilization.Results: One hundred seventy-one (11.8%) of 1455 patients endorsed the suicidal ideation item of the PHQ.
Director’s Blog One of the most influential trials in cardiology over the past 25 years was the GISSI 1 study, which demonstrated the beneficial effects of administering a medication called streptokinase after a heart attack. 2 GISSI involved more than 11, 000 patients in 176 coronary care units over 17 months. Its total cost was less than $500, 000.
Director’s Blog Julius Axelrod was one of NIMH’s greatest scientists and mentors for five decades until his death in 2004 at age 92. In addition to his many discoveries – which led to his 1970 Nobel Prize – Julie, as he was known, was famous for his aphorisms.
Importance A major obstacle to the identification of the neurobiological correlates of schizophrenia is the substantial clinical heterogeneity present in this disorder. Dividing schizophrenia into “deficit” and “nondeficit” subtypes may reduce heterogeneity and facilitate identification of neurobiological markers of disease. Objective To determine whether patients with deficit schizophrenia differ from patients with nondeficit schizophrenia and healthy controls in neuroimaging-based measures of white matter tracts and gray matter morphology
Importance Psychotic persons who are violent often explain their violence as being due to delusions. However, research has failed to confirm associations between delusions and violent behavior. Objectives To investigate which delusional beliefs and characteristics are associated with violent behavior during a first episode of psychosis and whether these associations are mediated by affect due to delusions
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the self-esteem and quality of life in adolescents with extreme obesity before and one year after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as obesity is a major challenging medical problem, not only in adults but also in children and adolescents in Saudi Arabia.Methods: In a prospective cohort study, 32 adolescents (aged 13–17 years) with extreme obesity (Group 1) presenting for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) were compared with 32 matched, healthy, nonobese adolescents (aged 14–17 years) (Group 2) with regards to self-esteem and quality of life. Assessment was done using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 (self- and parent report), respectively. Body mass index (BMI) Z scores were calculated for both groups.Results: We found significantly poor self-esteem and impairment in all domains of quality of life (self- and parent report) in Group 1 compared with Group 2 (P
Abstract: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor agents such as filgrastim can be administered in order to reduce the duration of clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. Successful long-term combination treatment with filgrastim and clozapine in patients with previous clozapine-induced agranulocytosis has been described in several cases. We describe a patient with schizophrenia who developed agranulocytosis during treatment with clozapine and who did not respond to other antipsychotics